City of Seattle, Washington

 

 
  Cycling Infrastructure

 

 
 
   
Links to City cycling office or resources

 http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeprogram.htm

Seattle Bicycle & Pedestrian Program, call (206) 684-7583.

   
  City cycling map

Seattle and King County cycling maps -  http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikemaps.htm

urban trails system - http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/urbantrails.htm

   
 
   

Updated - 2006-10-05

 

   

General Impressions - Cycling Facilities Encountered

 

   
 

 

 

     
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         

The City

   
  Demographics

   
  Cycling Vision

from the City of Seattle's web site

"Bicycle Program


Seattle consistently has been rated one of the top spots in the country for bicycling. Not surprisingly, a substantial proportion of Seattleites use their bicycles for recreation or transportation. It is estimated that about 36% of Seattle's 520,000 citizens engage in recreational bicycling, and between 4,000 and 8,000 people bicycle commute in Seattle each day, depending on the time of year and weather conditions.

SDOT's Bicycle Program has been working steadily toward developing an urban trail system to accommodate bicyclists. Urban trails include shared use paths, bike lanes, signed bike routes, arterials with wide shoulders, and pedestrian pathways. Seattle has about 28 miles of shared use paths, 22 miles of on-street, striped bike lanes, and about 90 miles of signed bike routes.

The goal of the Urban Trails system is to:

Facilitate bicycling as a viable transportation choice;


Afford citizens the opportunity to experience the City's unique scenic and natural amenities;


Provide access to healthful recreational activities; and


Link major parks and open spaces with Seattle neighborhoods.


When completed, the City will have established a bicycle facility network linking neighborhoods and activity centers, as well as providing connections with recreational and natural areas within the Puget Sound region."

   
 

Accomplishments

     
  Cycling Mode Share  http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeresources.htm#    
  Master Cycling Program

from the City of Seattle's web site - http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikemaster.htm

Seattle Bicycle Master Plan

In June 2006, SDOT's Bicycle Program kicked off the planning process for the development of Seattle's Bicycle Master Plan. The primary objectives of this plan are to increase bicycle use and to improve bicycle safety. Components of the planning process include significant fieldwork to analyze opportunities to improve on-road bicycling conditions, evaluate policy, develop a wayfinding system, establish facility design guidelines, and create a maintenance and funding plan. Public involvement for this plan is crucial and includes ongoing participation by the Seattle Bicycle Plan Citizens' Advisory Board, an on-line questionnaire about bicycling, and periodic public workshops and meetings. A draft Master Plan document is expected by late December or early January.

The City of Seattle in partnership with the Bicycle Master Plan Advisory Board members will host the first public meeting for the Bicycle Master Plan project on Tuesday, August 29. The meeting is an opportunity for the public to give input to, and hear from, Toole Design Group and City Staff on city-wide bicycle related issues related to the master planning process. The meeting will begin with an open house to meet the consultant, city and advisory team, and review draft bike network maps. A brief presentation will follow the open house to describe the plan process, goals and expected deliverables. The meeting will conclude with an opportunity for participants to work in small groups and provide input to the project team on bicycle access, network and wayfinding issues. A detailed agenda is included below.

 

   
  Police Approach to Bicycles      
  City Cycling Organizations  Contact:
Pauh Wang
Bicycle Program
Seattle Department of Transportation
pauh.wang@seattle.gov
206.684.8562

   
  Public Involvement – Cycling Advisory Committee  

 Seattle Bicycle Advisory Board

http://www.seattle.gov/sbab/

   
  Advocacy Organizations

Cascade bicycle Club

http://www.cascade.org/Home/

   
  Cycling Resources - Map      
    Hard Copy    
    Internet    
    Trip Planning – On-Line    
   Cycling Resources - Website      
  Bike Parking Program - Racks http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeracks.htm    
  Bicycle Facts and Statistics

 

from the City of Seattle's web site - http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeinfo.htm

Percentage increase since 1985: 100

Estimated number of participants during Bike to Work Day (2004) in King County: 10,000+

Number of free Seattle Bicycling Guide Maps distributed in 2004 and 2005: 50,000+

Number of cyclists biking to/from the downtown central business district between 6:30 a.m. and 9 a.m. on Sept. 20, 2000: 1,737

Percentage increase since 1992: 57%

Number of cyclists at the Seattle Ferry Terminal: 244

Percentage of downtown bike commuters who are female: 25%

Percentage increase since 1992: 19%

Calories burned by a 130-pound cyclist pedaling 14 miles in an hour: 402

Calories burned by a 180-pound cyclist pedaling 14 miles in an hour: 540

Ratio of street to bike trail in Seattle: 45:1

Miles of shared use paths in Seattle: 32

Miles of striped bike lanes in Seattle: 24

Miles of signed bike routes in Seattle: 90 (number out of date - signed route system being updated and revised)

Time to drive from University District to Pike Place Market in light traffic: 15 minutes

Driving time during rush hour: 35 minutes

Cycling time, moderate pace: 30 minutes

Time to park car: 5 - 25 minutes

Time to park and lock bike: 1 minute

Cost to purchase and install one bike parking rack: $150

Number of bikes which can be parked in one car parking space in a paved lot: 6 - 20

Number of bicycle racks on public sidewalks in Seattle: 2,300

Estimated cost of constructing one parking space in a paved lot: $2,200

Estimated cost of constructing one parking space in a garage: $12,500

Estimated construction of Park and Ride Costs: $17,000 per stall for surface lots, and $25,000 per stall for structured parking (per King County Transit Planning)

Number of miles cycled yearly by average bike commuter: 1,992

 
         

Cycling Network

   
  Current Cycling Network      
  Future Network Plans      
  Naming Convention – Cycling Facilities      
         

Cycling Infrastructure Design

   
  Bike Lanes      
Bike Lane on Left - One-Way Road

Cyclists concern with bike lanes next to parked car is being "Doored". Various solutions addressing this concern have been installed by various municipalities including;

  • wider bike lanes so that a door may be open and cyclist has enough room to pass by,
  • A safety zone painted between car parking spots and bike lane sufficiently wide for an open door,
  • Inverted "T" indication the extend a door would be opened.

Some cities place a bike lane on a one-way road on the left side next to parked cars. Rational includes statistically reduced chances of being "Doored" on the passenger side;

  • average car loading is less than 2 people,
  • frequency of passenger door opening is much less than driver door.
 
    Two-Way Bike Lanes on Road – Not Separated    
    Two-Way Bike Lanes on Road – Physically Separated    
    Two-Way Bike Lanes on Road Shoulder – Vertically Not Separated

   
    Two-Way Bike Lanes on Road Shoulder – Vertically Separated

   
  Bike Routes      
  Paved Shoulder      
  Off-Road Paths or Trails      
  Rail-Trails      
  Bridges      
  Intersection Design      
    Signalized    
    Not Signalized    
    Right Turn Traffic Lane and Straight Through Bike Lane

   
    Left Turn Bike Lane    
  Cyclist-Activated Traffic Signals      
  Pavement Markings      

Cyclist stencil

  Cyclist or Bike Stencil  Cyclist stencil

From a marketing perspective, what is being conveyed, a cyclist or a bike?

Cyclist stencil - Much friendlier and more suggestive to motorists and others than a bike stencil

 
    Bike Lane Line Width    
    Bike Lane with Car Parking Adjacent    
  Pavement Colouring      
  Signage   Signage, including destination, direction, information, and warning, was plentiful. The question is whether it is visible enough or can be easily missed when cycling by.  
    Route Signs    
    Destination    
    Direction    
    Information    
    Warning    
    Intersection    
      Signage - Right Turn Lane and Straight Through Bike Lane  
    Share the Road    
    Grades    
  Lightning      
  Bike Parking      
  Post and Ring    
Bike Racks Bike parking provided on intersection corner bulges. A handy way to provide parking.  
    Bike Lockers    
    Bike Stations    
    Municipal Policy and Strategy, Target    
  Cyclists Amenities      
    End of Trip Facilities    
    Trip Facilities    
Cycling Infrastructure Design
Standards and Directions
       
         
Cycling and Transit        
  Cycling Mode Share - Transit Ridership      
  Cycling Mode Share - Rapid Transit Station Access      
  Targets – Cycling and Transit Usage

 

 from the City of Seattle's web site - http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeinfo.htm

Number of times cyclists put their bikes on Metro buses every year: 300,000+

Number of times cyclists forgot to take their bicycles off the bus: 353

 
  Programs

 

from the City of Seattle's web site - http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikeinfo.htm

 Bikes on Buses Program

If you would like to ride a bus while traveling with your bicycle, you now can do so -- at no additional cost! Metro has installed bike racks on the front of all its buses, providing a convenient way to "bike-and-ride." You may load and unload your bicycle at any Metro bus stop except within the Ride Free Area in downtown Seattle between 6 AM and 7 PM. During these hours, loading/unloading bikes is restricted to a route's first and last ride free stop and the tunnel stops at Convention Place and International District. This is a safety policy to reduce the potential of many cyclists being between two buses in heavy downtown traffic. For further information on Metro's Bike & Ride program, visit their web site or call (206) 553-3000.

 
  Bus and Bikes      
    Bike Racks Bus Program    
    Bus Stops Access and Bike Parking    
  Streetcars and Bikes      
  Rapid Transit and Bikes      
    Rapid Transit Stops Access and Bike Parking    
  Commuter Transit and Bikes - Regional      
    Rapid Transit Stops Access and Bike Parking    
  Trains – Inter-Regional      
  Cycling Friendly Transit Stops      
  Home or Work to Station Collector System

   
         
Marketing of Cycling        
  Target Customers      
  Marketing Plan      
  Intermodal Commuting      
  Communications with Cyclists      
  Promotion      
  Events      
  Education and Safety      
  Enforcement      

Cycling Contribution to the Economy

       
  Cycling and the Local Economy

     
    Retail and Hospitality Services    
    Touring Cyclists Contributions    
  Contribution to Bicycle Industry      
Opportunities for Improvement